aiGrunn: 6 challenges to overcome bringing your LLM app to production - Wijnand Karsens

Tags: aigrunn, ai

(One of my summaries of the 2023 Dutch aiGrunn AI conference in Groningen, NL).

Alternative title: five reasons your boss doesn’t allow you to work on your LLM app idea.

Show of hands at the beginning. “Who has never used chatgpt”. I think I was the only one raising my hand :-) Lots of people are interested in it. According to google search queries, more people are interested in prompt engineering courses than in programming courses. Working in generative AI is a great work field at the moment.

Wijnand played a lot with it. He made a linkedin autoresponder, a whatsapp chatbot, a rap song generated, etc. To become enthousiastic about it he recommends checking out .

There are several common drawbacks you can hear from your boss:

  • “Generative AI doesn’t comply with privacy laws”. Main reason: data is often hosted by big USA companies. Well, you can use azure in Europe. There are Dutch startups like Orquesta that help you pick the right ones. Complying with the GDPR is possible. You can also use local models.

  • “AI hallucinates and is unreliable”. He thinks it is mostly solved. Retrieval augmented generation is one of the methods you can look at. Or prompt chain techniques like manual validation prompts or enforcing explicit requirements.

  • “Too expensive”. Programmers are expensive and models also. So: look at smaller, cheaper models: you often don’t need the full chatgpt4. Use simpler prompts. Perhaps create your vectorisation once: then you can run your prompts practically for free. Oh, and chatgpt4 will drop its price by a factor of 3.

  • “The context window is too small”. (Chatgpt4 can consume bigger items since last monday, btw). Chunking/summarizing or vector embedding can also help. If you want it to write it an entire course, you can give it the initial question and ask it to generate a summary. From the summary a table of contents and from the TOC the individual chapters.

  • “Merging genAI with regular tools is hard”. You can ask chatgpt to reply with json. With the json output, you can then even feed it to javscript functions.

During the talk, he showed off a project he is working on. A combination of chatgpt4 and web scraping, switching back between the two of them.

The biggest challenge he sees is to create something that won’t be taken over by OpenAI. So don’t compete with it but complement OpenAI. It is very hard to compete with them as they’re moving so quickly… logo

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My name is Reinout van Rees and I work a lot with Python (programming language) and Django (website framework). I live in The Netherlands and I'm happily married to Annie van Rees-Kooiman.

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